A framework is a structure that you can build software on. It serves as a foundation, so you’re not starting entirely from scratch. Frameworks are typically associated with a specific programming language and are suited to different types of tasks.
It’s a solid foundation for developers to create a more complex program.
Let’s say you’re building a house. You could pour the foundation and frame the house yourself. It would take a lot of time, but you could do it. If all of that were already done for you, though, it would save you quite a bit of effort — especially if it was done by expert home builders.
In software development, a framework serves a similar purpose. It’s designed and tested by other Software Developers and Engineers, so you know it’s a solid foundation.
A house isn’t complete with just the framework, though. Similarly, a framework in software development is a starting point, but you add higher-level functionality to it to make it work.
Software frameworks exist for both front-end and back-end programming. The front end describes what web users see, such as the effects of HTML on a web application. The back end describes the servers and databases that manage the application’s computing resources and data.
Below, we’ll take a closer look at frameworks, what they’re used for.
Why do we use frameworks ?
Using frameworks saves time and reduces the risk of errors. You don’t need to write everything from the ground up, so there’s less chance of introducing errors. Plus, frameworks have already been tested, so there’s less to worry about. Other advantages include:
- More secure code
- Simpler testing and debugging
- Avoiding duplicate code
- Clean and easily adaptable code
- Able to focus on writing code specific to the project
- Can be extended
Types of frameworks
Frameworks can be used for developing websites, mobile applications, data science, and more. Here are some of the more popular frameworks:
Web application frameworks
Django is an open-source web development framework supported by the Django Software Foundation. It’s written in Python, a popular programming language, and is designed to encourage “rapid development and clean, pragmatic design.” It’s fast, secure, and scalable.
Rails is also an open-source framework. It’s written in the Ruby programming language, which was designed for ease of use. Rails is designed to involve less code and less repetition and is supported by a large community. It’s been used to develop sites like Airbnb, Twitch, and Hulu.
Apache Spark, developed by the Apache Foundation, is a software framework for data analytics, specifically big data and machine learning applications. It can use multiple programming languages as its base. Apache Spark helps developers create data processing programs with its API.
The Spring Framework, a popular Java Enterprise Edition framework that provides support for developing Java applications.
Hadoop, an open source distributed processing framework originally developed by the Apache Software Foundation that manages data storage and processing for big data application
Mobile Application development frameworks
Flutter is Google’s open-source framework. It supports iOS and Android and has fully customizable widgets.
Flutter is designed to speed up app development and create attractive, user-friendly apps. It uses a thin layer of C/C++ code, but most of its system is in Dart.
Xamarin is a popular .NET-based framework by Microsoft. It also supports iOS and Android and has a community of 60,000 contributors.
Before Jump Start with Your Framework
Frameworks are a valuable tool for developing applications. But, before you get started with frameworks, it’s best to have a solid understanding of a programming language.
Ultimately, the better you understand a programming language, the easier it’ll be to understand frameworks. Programming languages are a solid foundation for many career paths in IT.
Which programming language you start with depends on your end goals and preferences.
Once you understand frameworks, you can even give back by contributing to open source frameworks and participating in developer communities. Ready to get started? We’re here to help, whether you’re brushing up on skills, changing careers, or just starting out — so Lets Start Coding!